Barcelona

Free travel guides to the World

Sights in Barcelona, Spain

 

The Catalan capital Barcelona with 2.5 million inhabitants is magnificently situated on the warm Mediterranean coastline. Today the area is Spain but throughout history the Catalan history and culture has brought a special atmosphere to the city and the rest of Catalonia. Fantastic buildings have through time been erected in different neighborhoods, including Barri Gotic, the old medieval city center, and Eixample, with many famous works of modernism.

 

When you say Barcelona and modernism, the thinking goes automatically on the world-famous architect Antonio Gaudí. Barcelona is his city, and his fingerprints are seen in many places in the city. His masterpieces are i.e. la Sagrada Familia, Casa Mila and Park Guell.

 

Barcelona is also full of shopping arcades and streets, malls and an abundance of restaurants along eg La Rambla which are opportunities to taste the many specialities in the local cuisine.

Free travel guide book to Barcelona

 

Book contents (tour 1 text example)

1. Catalonia Square/Plaça de Catalunya

Plaça de Catalunya

41°23'12"N 2°10'11"E

Metro: Catalunya

The square Plaça de Catalunya is the center of Barcelona, and this is where the old town meets the 19th Century Eixample district, which was a large-scale expansion of the Catalan capital.

The predecessor to the current square was laid out in 1859, and from here several of Barcelona's main streets begin, including the famous La Rambla and Passeig de Gràcia, where some of Gaudi's works can be seen.

There are several works of art on Plaça de Catalunya, and the open spaces and beautiful fountains always attract many locals and tourists.

 

2. The Rambla/La Rambla

La Rambla

41°22'51"N 2°10'24"E

Metro: Catalunya, Liceu, Drassanes

La Rambla is Barcelona's beautiful pedestrian street where everyone should take a stroll and follow the city life. At the 1.2 km long Rambla shady trees, flower markets, artists, shops, restaurants, a number of remarkable buildings and an always friendly atmosphere can be found.

In front of number 133, you can see the famous Canaletes Fountain/Font de Canaletes. The fountain is shaped with a lamppost on top, and it is said that after a sip will come back to Barcelona.

 

3. Museum of Contemporary Art/Museu d'Art Contemporani

Plaça dels Àngels 1

www.macba.es

41°22'59"N 2°10'0"E

Metro: Catalunya, Universitat

Museu d'Art Contemporani is the city's museum of modern art. The large white building is constructed 1987-1995, and has sought inspiration from modernism.

There are three periods represented, 1940-1960s, 1960-1970s and finally the recent decades. There focus in the collection is art from Catalonia and the rest of Spain.

 

4. Betlehem Church/Església de Betlem

La Rambla

41°22'59"N 2°10'16"E

Metro: Catalunya

Església de Betlem is one of Barcelona's few Baroque buildings, and was originally part of a Jesuit monastery. The church was built in 1553 but burned, however, to the ground in 1936 during the Spanish Civil War. Església de Betlem was rebuilt on the outside, while the interior of the church was not recreated as the original.

 

5. Virreina Palace/Palau de la Virreina

La Rambla 99

www.bcn.es/virreinaexposicions

41°22'56"N 2°10'17"E

Metro: Liceu

Palau de la Virreina from the 18th century is one of the best examples of Catalan civil architecture from this period. Today, the house belongs to the city government, and it serves as exhibition space.

 

6. Boqueria Market/Mercat de la Boqueria

La Rambla

www.boqueria.info

41°22'54"N 2°10'18"E

Metro: Liceu

Mercat de la Boqueria is a huge market that spreads immediately behind a number of facades on La Rambla. A market at this place dates back to the 1200s, which sold agricultural products from the area. Then it was located just outside of town. Today's market was opened in 1853, and much of the market halls are from 1914.

 

7. Miro Mosaic/Miró Mosaic

La Rambla

41°22'52"N 2°10'23"E

Metro: Liceu

Around the middle of the Ramblas, where the street Carrer de l'Hospital intersects La Rambla, one can see a big and beautiful pavement mosaic by Joan Miró. The colorful artwork is from 1976.

 

8. St. Mary’s Church/Santa Maria del Pi

Calle Cardenal Casañas 16

http://es.geocities.com/santa_maria_del_pi

41°22'55"N 2°10'26"E

Metro: Liceu

The church of Santa Maria del Pi appeared in the 1300s in a place that is believed to have land for religious buildings since the 400s. The church is built with rosette window in the gable and beautiful stained glass windows in the great church, which measures 54 meters in length and 27 meters to the ceiling.

 

9. Centelles Palace/Palau Centelles

Baixada de Sant Miquel 8

www.cconsultiu.es

41°22'53"N 2°10'37"E

Metro: Jaume I

Palau Centelles was built in the 1500s as the king's palace. The building was subsequently transferred to Catalonia's regional government, the Generality. The is no acces to the Palace interior but take a walk in the yard, there is a cozy sanctuary in Gothic and Renaissance style.

 

10. St. Jacob Square/Plaça de Sant Jaume

Plaça de Sant Jaume

41°22'57"N 2°10'37"E

Metro: Jaume I

The square Plaça de Sant Jaume is the place where the Roman towns two main roads crossed each other. The site's importance is underlined by the fact that the two most important political institutions in the city are here.

 

10a. City Hall/Ajuntament

www.bcn.cat

41°22'56"N 2°10'38"E

Ajuntamento is Barcelona's city hall and with it's beautiful neoclassical facade it faces the southeast of the Plaça de Sant Jaume. The central entrance is flanked by two statues that are respectively Jaume I and Chancellor Joan Fiveller. Inside, there are a number of beautiful halls in the building, including one where one of the city's tourist information centers is located.

 

10b. Generality Palace/Palau de la Generalitet

41°22'59"N 2°10'35"E

The Generality is the name of Catalonia's old regional government, which is now housed in the Palau de la the Generality, originally built from the early 1400s. Over the years, several renovations and additions have taken place. The mansion is located opposite the town hall.

 

11. Augustus' Temple/Temple d'August

Carrer del Paradís 10

41°23'0"N 2°10'37"E

Metro: Jaume I

In Barcelona's current medieval quarterfrom the 1st century BC, a temple to Caesar Augustus was built. It measured 37x17 meters and carried columns around the temple itself. In a yard in the street Carrer del Paradís you can see the four pillars of the temple that remains today.

 

12. St. Justus and Pastor Church/Església Sant Just i Pastor

Plaça Sant Just

41°22'57"N 2°10'39"E

Metro: Jaume I

Saint Justus and Pastor Church was founded in the early 800s. The first Romanesque church was, however, in 1342 replaced by the present Gothic style. The church's octagonal tower was erected in the 1400s. The interior is worth seeing with the typical Gothic architecture.

 

13. Requesens Palace/Palau Requesens

Carrer del Sots-Tinent Navarro 4-6

41°22'59"N 2°10'43"E

Metro: Jaume I

Palau de Requesens is the largest noble mansion in medieval Barcelona. It was built in the 1200s with an interesting integration of the Roman wall of the complex. In the 1600s the palace was partially rebuilt, among other things, with a balcony facing the street.

In the 1500s Catalonia's Governor-General and King Felipe II's friend, Galceran de Requesens, lived here.

Since 1970, the building housed a Catalan cultural institute, Galeria de Catalans illustres, where portraits of famous Catalans are hanging. You can also see exhibitions organized by the Reial Academia de Bones Lletres.

 

More about Spain

Official name

Kingdom of Spain/

Reino de España

Capital

Madrid

Political system

Constitutional monarchy

National day

12 October

Anthem

Marcha Real

Primary religion

Christianity

Language

Spanish

Area

504,030 km²

Population

46,662,000 (2009)

Currency

Euro (EUR)

Time zone

CET (UTC+1)

www domain

.es

Calling code

+34

License plate code

E

 

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